Inclusion according to UNESCO is seen as the process of identifying and responding to the diverse needs of all students through greater participation in learning, cultures and communities, reducing exclusion in education.
Inclusion is something that we have to take into account in today’s society, so in the future everyone can have access to the same opportunities, so that there is respect between them. In the field of education, everyone must have the same opportunities to learn, but not everyone has the same needs and the same pace of learning, and that’s what needs to be taken care of and balanced.
If we focus on the subject of art, we can also use different ways of promoting inclusion in the classroom, not only with measures of attention to diversity such as reducing ratios or working in teams, but also by involving them in their own learning process in a more individualised way. In fact, I propose several methodologies where the phenomenon of inclusion can occur, seeing that if you have interest you can achieve it.
The first, Montessori, is known for its active methodology, involving its students in everything they are doing. It doesn’t matter in which subject they are, they are the ones who set their own pace and use what they consider necessary to carry out the activity, since the teachers are mere guides who help them. In terms of art, to encourage inclusion, they are the ones who help each other and who are capable of setting their own pace, it is a way for everyone to feel comfortable and facilitating them in terms of the needs they may have. Through all its senses, it can acquire abstract contents that in the future will make them more concrete, thus also encouraging their creativity.
The second, Waldorf, has caught my attention. It is a directly inclusive methodology, that is to say, its objective is that each child unfolds his own individuality with the help of his talents and supporting them in their difficulties. As for art, the fact that they do not use textbooks and are in a natural environment, stimulates a free teaching, developing their artistic skills as a way for children to grow and acquire other knowledge as it is considered to be the most natural expression of the child.
And finally, Arno Stern, developed a painting technique which both children and adults, where they are able to learn a stability and their personality. It is inclusive because despite being a technique, everyone is free to develop their creativity in the way they believe appropriate. As their creations are not commented by other people, they are able to have a free expression where their initiative is fomented and they do not have any difficulty to realize it, they feel comfortable.
Now, if we relate UNESCO’s definition with the one we have built, are we able to encourage inclusion in the classroom regardless of the methodology being used? I encourage you to do some research on this. Children are the future of society and need to be motivated in inclusive and quality education.